What is gastritis?
Gastritis is a condition caused by inflammation, irritation or erosion of lining of the stomach. It is divided into two major types – acute and chronic. Acute gastritis occurs suddenly and it can generally be treated, whereas chronic gastritis occurs gradually and it is usually untreatable, it can only be relieved.
Causes of gastritis
Gastritis, both acute and chronic, can be caused by several factors. Prolonged periods of vomiting cause irritation of stomach lining, as well as excessive use of alcohol. Long-lasting period of stress is also a common cause of gastritis, as well as the use of anti-inflammatory drugs. Some medical conditions can also lead to gastritis, such as Helicobacter pylori, Pernicious anemia and bile reflux.
Symptoms of gastritis
Gastritis is followed by a series of symptoms, which can come in a variety of combinations. The most common symptoms are nausea or upset stomach, vomiting, abdominal pain and bloating, burning sensation in stomach, indigestion and loss of appetite, common hiccups, vomiting blood and having black stool.
Just like with most diseases, prevention is the best cure with gastritis as well. This condition is followed by plenty of symptoms which are not only uncomfortable and painful, but they can also disable you from performing even regular everyday tasks. Therefore, if you belong to the risk group for developing gastritis, you should change habits as soon as possible.
Lifestyle for preventing gastritis
Certain types of lifestyle and habits of everyday life can cause gastritis, and you may not even be aware of it. First of all, if you consume too much alcohol, you should cut back on it as much as you can. If you are a smoker, you should know that smoking increases risk of developing gastritis. Stress is another major factor, so you should avoid it as much as you can, and practice stress relieving activities such as meditation.
Food for preventing gastritis
Balanced and healthy diet is the key for preventing many diseases, and the same goes for preventing gastritis. Eating food with plenty of anti-oxidants, such as blueberries, cranberries, grapefruit, tomatoes and bell peppers will help your body maintain strong immune system and avoid infections which can lead to gastritis. Avoiding highly processed food is also recommended, in order to prevent stomach irritation.
In case you suffer from chronic gastritis, it cannot be fully treated in most cases. However, it can be relieved by a combination of medical treatment and proper lifestyle and diet, and you should consult your physician in order to be prescribed a suitable therapy.
Medical treatments for relieving gastritis
In case gastritis is caused by other medical conditions, such as H. pylori, a combination of antibiotics and H. pylori treatment is applied. Antacids are also used, but keep in mind that they only help with heartburn and do not deal with the disease itself.
Food and lifestyle for relieving gastritis
In order to relieve gastritis-related difficulties, you should modify your diet and lifestyle together with the application of medical treatment. Smoking and alcohol should be avoided, as well as extensive use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. You should modify your diet and eat food rich in anti-oxidants, vitamin B complex, and take food which makes stomach alkaline instead of acidic.